Makarieva A., Gorshkov V., Wilderer P.A. (2016) What Can We Learn from Natural Ecosystems to Avoid a Civilization Breakdown? Section 3.3 in Chapter 3. Governance of Societies (C. Werthmann, O. Renn, A. Makarieva, V. Gorshkov, P. A. Wilderer, V. Risse, C. Boker, B. Haas) in Wilderer P.A., Grambow M. (eds.) Global Stability through Decentralization?, Strategies for Sustainability, Springer International Publishing Switzerland. Abstract. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-24358-0_3
Quote: "Nowadays there appear few remaining ways in which technological progress could satisfy real human needs: its potential has been almost exhausted. Practically, technology has been able to improve human lives in but one essential way—it freed people from rough tiring labor. In this situation it is quite useless to call for an increase in the buying capacity of the consumers and consider them as the main drivers of technological progress and economic growth (Hanauer 2012). As we discussed above, what modern consumers might wish to buy to live a satisfactory life, worthy to human beings the technological progress can hardly offer anymore.
The only direction of modern technology that remains of real interest to mass consumers is medicine, which appeals to the fundamentally insatiable genetically encoded human instinct of self-preservation. It is for the first time in human history that technological progress caters mostly for the needs of the sick and the elderly who continue to play a significant role in the society."
For our Russian-language readers we offer a new text "Stability of the information of life" in two parts: Part I. Preventing the decay of the genetic information of life and Part II. Evolution and progress.