Publications 2002-recent

Recent unpublished works

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Nefiodov A.V., Sheil D., Nobre A.D., Li B.-L. (2014) Spatiotemporal relationships between sea level pressure and air temperature in the tropics. arXiv:1404.1011v1 [physics.ao-ph] 3 Apr 2014 Abstract. PDF (1.9 Mb).

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Nefiodov A.V., Sheil D., Nobre A.D., Bunyard P., Li B.-L. (2013) Examining the physical principles behind the motion of moist air: Which expressions are sound? arXiv:1308.6301 [physics.flu-dyn]. Abstract. PDF (0.3 Mb). Previous version: No reactive motion resulting from condensation. Paper's history.

 

Other works

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Sheil D., Nobre A.D., Bunyard P., Li B.-L. (2014) Why does air passage over forest yield more rain? Examining the coupling between rainfall, pressure, and atmospheric moisture content. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 15, 411-426, doi:10.1175/JHM-D-12-0190.1. Abstract. PDF (1.5 Mb). Supplemental information.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Nefiodov A.V. (2014) Condensational power of air circulation in the presence of a horizontal temperature gradient. Physics Letters A, 378, 294-298. Abstract. PDF (0.3 Mb). doi: 10.1016/j.physleta.2013.11.019.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G. (2013) Energetics of locomotion in animate and inanimate nature. Energy: Economics, Technology, Ecology, 6(2013), 46-52. Abstract. PDF (0.4 Mb). popular science

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Nefiodov A.V., Sheil D., Nobre A.D., Bunyard P., Li B.-L. (2013) The key physical parameters governing frictional dissipation in a precipitating atmosphere. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70, 2916-2929. Abstract. PDF (0.8 Mb). 10.1175/JAS-D-12-0231.1

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Sheil D., Nobre A.D., Li B.-L. (2013) Where do winds come from? A new theory on how water vapor condensation influences atmospheric pressure and dynamics. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 1039-1056. Abstract. PDF (0.5 Mb). An update.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L. (2013) Revisiting forest impact on atmospheric water vapor transport and precipitation. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 111, 79-96. doi: 10.1007/s00704-012-0643-9. Abstract. PDF (0.3 Mb). Electronic Appendix, Animated Fig. 5, Animated Fig. 6b.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Nefiodov A.V. (2013) On the results of 2012 London Olympics: Energetic records of animals and man. Energy: Economics, Technology, Ecology, 3(2013), 74-80. [in Russian] Abstract. PDF (0.5 Mb). popular science English text in HTML format

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G. (2012) Preservation of the Eurasian forest belt as Russia's strategic goal. Energy: Economics, Technology, Ecology, 9(2012), 18-25. [in Russian] Abstract. PDF (0.3 Mb). popular science

Gorshkov V.G., Makarieva A.M., Nefiodov A.V. (2012) Condensation of water vapor in the gravitational field. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, 115, 723-728. Abstract. PDF (0.2 Mb). doi:10.1134/S106377611209004X.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Nefiodov A.V. (2011) Condensational theory of stationary tornadoes. Physics Letters A, 375, 2259-2261. Abstract. PDF (0.1 Mb). doi:10.1016/j.physleta.2011.04.023

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G. (2011) Radial profiles of velocity and pressure for condensation-induced hurricanes. Physics Letters A, 375, 1053-1058. Abstract. PDF (0.4 Mb).

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L. (2011) Have ecological human rights been globally lost? A conflict of ecological spatial requirements and cultural landscape opportunities in the modern Homo sapiens. "Landscape Ecology in Asian Cultures" (Eds. Hong S.-K., Wu J., Kim J.-E., Nakagoshi N.) Ecological Research Monographs, 2011, Part I, 129-137. doi: 10.1007/978-4-431-87799-8_10. Abstract. PDF (1.9 Mb).

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G. (2011) On the nature of intraspecific genetic variability: Evidence against the ruling paradigm. arXiv:1101.0579v1 [q-bio.PE]. Abstract. PDF (0.3 Mb).

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G. (2010) The Biotic Pump: Condensation, atmospheric dynamics and climate. International Journal of Water, 5(4), 365-385. Abstract. PDF (1.6 Mb).

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Sheil D., Nobre A.D., Li B.-L. (2010) Where do winds come from? A new theory on how water vapor condensation influences atmospheric pressure and dynamics. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 10, 24015-24052. Abstract. PDF (0.7 Mb). Interactive discussion is open until 10 December 2010. See also here.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L. (2010) Comprehending ecological and economic sustainability: Comparative analysis of stability principles in the biosphere and free market economy. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1195, E1-E18. Abstract. PDF (1.1 Mb). doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.05400.x, first published as PNPI Preprint No. 2763.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G. (2010) Potential energy of atmospheric water vapor and the air motions induced by water vapor condensation on different spatial scales. arXiv:1003.5466v1 [physics.ao-ph]. Abstract. PDF (0.7 Mb).

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L., Nobre A.D. (2010) A critique of some modern applications of the Carnot heat engine concept: the dissipative heat engine cannot exist. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series A Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 466, 1893-1902. Abstract. PDF (0.2 Mb). doi:10.1098/rspa.2009.0581.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G. (2009) Condensation-induced kinematics and dynamics of cyclones, hurricanes and tornadoes. Physics Letters A, 373, 4201-4205. Abstract. PDF (0.4 Mb).

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L. (2009) Comment on "Energy uptake and allocation during ontogeny". Science, 325, 1206-a. Abstract. PDF (0.2 Mb).

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L. (2009) Re-calibrating the snake palaeothermometer. Nature, 460, E2-E3. Abstract. PDF (0.1 Mb). Figure 1.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L. (2009) Precipitation on land versus distance from the ocean: Evidence for a forest pump of atmospheric moisture. Ecological Complexity, 6, 302-307. Abstract. PDF (0.2 Mb).

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G. (2009) Reply to A. G. C. A. Meesters et al.'s comment on "Biotic pump of atmospheric moisture as driver of the hydrological cycle on land". Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 13, 1307-1311. Abstract. PDF (0.3 Mb). Discussion.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G. (2009) Condensation-induced dynamic gas fluxes in a mixture of condensable and non-condensable gases. Physics Letters A, 373, 2801-2804. Abstract. PDF (0.1 Mb).

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L., Chown S.L., Reich P.B., Gavrilov V.M. (2008) Mean mass-specific metabolic rates are strikingly similar across life's major domains: Evidence for life's metabolic optimum. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A., 105, 16994-16999. Abstract. PDF (0.3 Mb). http://www.pnas.org/content/105/44/16994, Supplementary Information Complete File, 212 pp. (PDF, 1.2 Mb)

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L. (2008) Energy budget of the biosphere and civilization: Rethinking environmental security of global renewable and non-renewable resources. Ecological Complexity, 5, 281-288. Abstract. PDF (0.4 Mb).

Makar'eva A.M., Gorshkov V.G. (2008) The Forest Biotic Pump of River Basins. Russian Journal of Ecology, 39, 537-540. Abstract. PDF (0.3 Mb).

Makarieva A.M. (2008) Cybernetics. In Sven Erik Jørgensen and Brian D. Fath (Editor-in-Chief), Systems Ecology. Vol. 1 of Encyclopedia of Ecology, 5 vols, pp. 806-812. Oxford: Elsevier. No abstract. PDF (0.2 Mb). Manuscript PDF.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L. (2008) On the validity of representing hurricanes as Carnot heat engine. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 8, 17423-17437. Abstract. PDF (0.4 Mb). Print version (0.4 Mb). Interactive discussion (open until 14 November 2008).

Gorshkov V.G., Makarieva A.M. (2008) The osmotic condensational force of water vapor in the terrestrial atmosphere. Preprint No. 2763, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina, 43 pp. Abstract. PDF (0.4 Mb).

Li B.-L., Gorshkov V.G., Makarieva A.M. (2008) Allometric scaling as an indicator of ecosystem state: A new approach. In: I. Petrosillo et al. (eds.) Use of Landscape Sciences for the Assessment of Environmental Security, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security, Springer, the Netherlands, pp. 107-117. Abstract. PDF (1 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G., Makarieva A.M. (2007) Human thinking, longevity and the problems of living matter orderliness. Ecology and Education, No. 3-4 (2007), 7-11. [in Russian] No abstract. PDF (1.2 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G., Makarieva A.M. (2007) Biotic pump of atmospheric moisture as driver of the hydrological cycle on land. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 11, 1013-1033. Abstract. PDF (1 Mb).

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G. (2007) A proposal on accounting for the non-radiative heat fluxes in the atmospheric transfer of thermal photons. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 9, 04919, SRef-ID: 1607-7962/gra/EGU2007-A-04919. Abstract. PDF (0.2 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G., Makarieva A.M. (2006) Rivers on Earth. Will they be flowing for ever? Ecology and Education, No. 1-2 (2006), 7-11. [in Russian] No abstract. PDF (0.8 Mb).

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L. (2006) Distributive network model of Banavar, Damuth, Maritan and Rinaldo (2002): Critique and perspective. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 239, 394-397. No abstract. PDF (0.2 Mb). doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2005.08.018.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L., Chown S.L. (2006) Size- and temperature-independence of minimum life-supporting metabolic rates. Functional Ecology, 20, 83-96. Abstract. PDF (0.3 Mb). Supplementary data.

Gorshkov V.G., Makar'eva A.M., Losev K.S. (2006) A strategy for the survival of the humanity is on agenda. Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 76, 139-143. Abstract. PDF (0.1 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G., Makarieva A.M. (2006) The nature of the observed climate stability on Earth. Geoekologiya, No. 3 (2006), 483-495. [in Russian] Abstract. PDF (2 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G., Makarieva A.M. (2006) Biotic pump of atmospheric moisture as driver of the hydrological cycle on land. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions, 3, 2621-2673. Abstract. PDF (0.7 Mb). Screen version (1.0 Mb). Discussion (closed, 24 comments).

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L. (2006) Conservation of water cycle on land via restoration of natural closed-canopy forests: implications for regional landscape planning. Ecological Research, 21, 897-906. Abstract. PDF (0.4 Mb). doi:10.1007/s11284-006-0036-6. Copyright 2006 The Ecological Society of Japan. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L. (2005) Why do population density and inverse home range scale differently with body size? Implications for ecosystem stability. Ecological Complexity, 2, 259-271. Abstract. PDF (0.2 Mb). doi:10.1016/j.ecocom.2005.04.006. Copyright 2005 Elsevier B. V. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L. (2005) Biochemical universality of living matter and its metabolic implications. Functional Ecology, 19, 547-557. Abstract. PDF (0.2 Mb). doi:10.1111/j.1365-2435.2005.01005.x. Copyright 2005 British Ecological Society. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L. (2005) Revising the distributive networks models of West, Brown and Enquist (1997) and Banavar, Maritan and Rinaldo (1999): Metabolic inequity of living tissues provides clues for the observed allometric scaling rules. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 237, 291-301. Abstract. PDF (0.3 Mb). doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2005.04.016.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L. (2005) Temperature-associated upper limits to body size in terrestrial poikilotherms. OIKOS, 111, 425-436. Abstract. PDF (0.3 Mb). Copyright 2005 OIKOS. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L. (2005) Gigantism, temperature and metabolic rate in terrestrial poikilotherms. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Biological Series, 272, 2325-2328. Abstract. PDF (0.2 Mb). doi:10.1098/rspb.2005.3223. Copyright 2005 The Royal Society. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L. (2005) Energetics of the smallest: Do bacteria breathe at the same rate as whales? Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Biological Series, 272, 2219-2224. Abstract. PDF (0.2 Mb). doi:10.1098/rspb.2005.3225. Copyright 2005 The Royal Society. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L. (2004) Ontogenetic growth: models and theory. Ecological Modelling, 176, 15-26. Abstract. PDF (0.3 Mb).

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L., Losev K.S. (2004) The upper and lower ecological limits of specific metabolic power of different organisms. Russian Journal of Ecology, 35, 10-15. (Translated from Ekologiya, No. 1, 2004, 13-20.) Abstract. PDF (1.2 Mb).

Li B.-L., Gorshkov V.G., Makarieva A.M. (2004) Energy partitioning between different-sized organisms and ecosystem stability. Ecology, 85, 1811-1813. No abstract. PDF (0.1 Mb).

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L. (2004) Body size, energy consumption and allometric scaling: a new dimension in the diversity-stability debate. Ecological Complexity, 1, 139-175. Abstract. PDF (0.4 Mb). doi:10.1016/j.ecocom.2004.02.003. Copyright 2004 Elsevier B. V. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G. (2004) On the dependence of speciation rates on species abundance and characteristic population size. Journal of Biosciences, 29, 119-128. Abstract. PDF (0.1 Mb). Copyright Indian Academy of Sciences.

Gorshkov V.G., Yessekin B.K., Karibaeva K.N., Kurochkina L.Ya., Losev K.S., Makarieva A.M., Shukurov E.D. (2004) Scientific bases for nature conservation strategies. Ecology and Education, No. 1-2 (2004), 2-9. [in Russian] No abstract. PDF (1.1 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G., Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.V. (2004) Revising the fundamentals of ecological knowledge: the biota-environment interaction. Ecological Complexity, 1, 17-36. Abstract. PDF (0.3 Mb). doi:10.1016/j.ecocom.2003.09.002. Copyright 2003 Elsevier B. V. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Losev K.S., Dovgalyuk Yu.A. (2004) Dependence of greenhouse effect on the concentration of greenhouse components in the Earth atmosphere in the presence of non-radiative energy flows. Transactions of the Earth Sciences Section of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, No. 12 (2004), 125-135. [in Russian] No abstract. PDF (0.8 Mb).

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Li B.-L. (2003) A note on metabolic rate dependence on body size in plants and animals. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 221, 301-307. Abstract. PDF (0.2 Mb). Copyright 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted. Abstract provided by the authors.

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Pujol T. (2003) Height of convective layer in planetary atmospheres with condensable and non-condensable greenhouse substances. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 3, 6701-6720. Abstract. PDF (0.2 Mb). Screen version (0.3 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G., Makarieva A.M. (2002) Theoretically predicted and empirically observed dependences of the terrestrial greenhouse effect on temperature: Implications for climate stability. Preprint No. 2460, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina, 34 pp. Abstract. PDF (0.4 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G., Makarieva A.M. (2002) Knowledge of the Environment. In: N.P. Tarasova, B.J. McGettrick (theme eds.) Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), 15.3 Human Development and Education. EOLSS Publishers, Oxford, UK, http://www.eolss.net. Abstract. PDF (0.2 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G., Makar'eva A.M. (2002) Changes in the global carbon cycle: Evidence from the measurements of O2/N2 in the atmosphere and CO2 partial pressure at the ocean-atmosphere boundary. Geochemistry International, 40, 472-480. (Translated from Geokhimiya, No. 5, 2002, 526-535.) Abstract. PDF (0.2 Mb).

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G., Mackey B., Gorshkov V.V. (2002) How valid are the biological and ecological principles underpinning Global Change science? Energy & Environment, 13, 299-310. Abstract. PDF (0.5 Mb).

Gorshkov V.V., Gorshkov V.G., Danilov-Danil'yan V.I., Losev K.S., Makar'eva A.M. (2002) Information in the animate and inanimate worlds. Russian Journal of Ecology, 33, 149-155. (Translated from Ekologiya, No. 3, 2002, 163-169.) Abstract. PDF (0.1 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G., Makarieva A.M. (2002) Greenhouse effect dependence on atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse substances and the nature of climate stability on Earth. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 2, 289-337. Abstract. PDF (0.3 Mb). Screen version (0.5 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G., Makarieva A.M., Pujol T. (2002) Radiative-convective processes and changes of the flux of thermal radiation into space with increasing optical thickness of the atmosphere. Proceedings of the XXXVI Winter School of Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, February 25 – March 3, 2002 (Nuclear and Particle Physics), pp. 499-525. Abstract. PDF (1.2 Mb).

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G. (2001) The greenhouse effect and the stability of the global mean surface temperature. Doklady Earth Sciences, 377, 210-214. Abstract. PDF (0.2 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G., Makar'eva A.M. (2001) On the possibility of physical self-organization of biological and ecological systems. Doklady Biological Sciences, 378, 258-261. Abstract. PDF (0.2 Mb).

Makarieva A.M. (2001) Variance of protein heterozygosity in different species of mammals with respect to the number of loci studied. Heredity, 87, 41-51. Abstract. PDF (0.3 Mb). Supplementary data.

Gorshkov V.G., Makarieva A.M., Mackey B., Gorshkov V.V. (2001) Biological theory and global change science. Global Change NewsLetter, 48, 11-14. Abstract. PDF (0.3 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G., Makarieva A.M. (2001) Pollution of the environment by audible information. Ecology and Education, No. 3-4 (2001), 10-16. [in Russian] Abstract. PDF (0.3 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G., Makarieva A.M. (2001) Diffusion of thermal photons in the atmosphere. pp. 141-142 in: Dakhno L.G. (Ed.) PNPI XXX (Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute XXX-th Anniversary). Scientific Highlights. Theoretical Physics Division. PNPI, Gatchina, 145 pp., ISBN 5-86763-043-9. Abstract. PDF (0.1 Mb).

Makarieva A.M., Gorshkov V.G. (2000) Order in physical and living systems: Principal differences in quantitative characteristics and mechanisms of maintenance do not allow a similar description. Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Preprint No. 2388, 17 pp. Abstract. PDF (1.3 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G., Makarieva A.M. (2000) Environmental safety, climate stability and the non-perturbed biota. Global Change NewsLetter, 43, 24-25. Abstract. PDF (0.1 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G., Makar'eva A.M. (1999) Haldane's Rule and somatic mutations. Russian Journal of Genetics, 35(6), 611-617. Abstract. PDF (0.2 Mb).

Gorshkov V.V., Gorshkov V.G., Danilov-Danil'yan, Losev K.S., Makar'eva A.M. (1999) Biotic control of the environment. Russian Journal of Ecology, 30, 87-96. Abstract. PDF (0.3 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G., Makarieva A.M. (1998) Impact of terrestrial and oceanic biota on the modern carbon and oxygen cycles. Ecological Chemistry, 7, 129-137. Abstract. PDF (1.2 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G., Makar'eva A.M. (1997) Dependence of heterozygosity on body weight in mammals. Doklady Biological Sciences, 355, 384-386. Abstract. PDF (0.1 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G., Sherman S.G., Kondratyev K.Ya. (1990) The global carbon cycle change: Le Chatelier principle in the response of biota to changing CO2 concentration in the atmosphere. Il Nuovo Cimento C, 13(5), 801-816. Abstract. PDF (1 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G. (1987) Variations in the global content of organic carbon in the oceanic and land biota. Il Nuovo Cimento C, 10(4), 365-380. Abstract. PDF (0.7 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G. (1986) Atmospheric disturbance of the carbon cycle: Impact upon the biosphere. Il Nuovo Cimento C, 9(5), 937-952. Abstract. PDF (0.8 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G., Sherman S.G. (1986) Atmospheric CO2 and destructivity of the land biota: Seasonal variations. Il Nuovo Cimento C, 9(4), 902-917. Abstract. PDF (0.8 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G. (1984) Energetical efficiency of flight and swimming. Journal of General Biology, 45, 779-795. [in Russian] Abstract. PDF (0.7 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G. (1983) Power and rate of locomotion in animals of different sizes. Journal of General Biology, 44(5), 661-678. [in Russian] Abstract. PDF (1 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G. (1982) Energetics of the Biosphere. Leningrad Politechnical Institute, 80 pp. [in Russian] Abstract. PDF (6.7 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G. (1982) The possible global budget of carbon dioxide. Il Nuovo Cimento C, 5(2), 209-222. Abstract. PDF (0.8 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G. (1981) The distribution of energy flow among the organisms of different dimensions. Journal of General Biology, 42(3), 417-429. [in Russian] Abstract. PDF (0.7 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G. (1980) The structure of the biospheric energy flows. Botanical Journal, 65(11), 1579-1590. [in Russian] Abstract. PDF (1.5 Mb).

Gorshkov V.G., Dol'nik V.R. (1980) Energetics of the Biosphere. Soviet Physics Uspekhi, 23(7), 386-408. Abstract. PDF (1.3 Mb).